Skip to main content

About your Search

20121201
20121231
STATION
MSNBCW 9
CNNW 8
CNBC 2
CSPAN 2
FBC 1
KQED (PBS) 1
WBFF (FOX) 1
WTTG 1
WUSA (CBS) 1
LANGUAGE
English 36
Search Results 0 to 35 of about 36 (some duplicates have been removed)
CNN
Dec 12, 2012 12:00am PST
in 2002, the kid, and basically we believe that america has a responsibility to be involved in the world in protection of our values and our strategic interests, all of which helps us be safer and freer here at home and it's just grown. >> senator graham, what is the secret to proper bipartisanship, do you think? >> well, in fairness to our colleagues, pierce, there's a lot of real close friendships around this place. there's a lot of republicans and democrat who get along very well and work together. the reason you're talking about the three of us, i think, is because of 9/11. there had never been an attack on america, we would have been three friends who travel and socialize, but what brought us together and put us on the map, after we were attacked on 9/11, everything in our country changed and throughout the world. as a result of 9/11 and all the national security issues that followed, our friendship became a cause. it really did solidify over the iraq war. bipartisanship as hyped is being willing to lose your job. i really admire john because he suffered for our country. and i hang
CSPAN
Dec 21, 2012 9:00am EST
not want to give support. they do not agree with anything he does. whether it helps america or defeats america. they made up their mind whatever obama's as we are against it. if that helps america, it does not matter because we said over eight years ago we did not want him and will not support anything he does. we want the white house back -- in essence what they are doing they are making it better for america. the republicans will never return to the white house because they will never be for all americans. guest: george reminds me of a great line from a groucho marx movie but soup -- whatever it is, i am against it. that is a refrain in the song in the movie by the marx brothers. it is kind of what it seems like with some of the tea party republicans, what ever it is obama comes up with, they are against it. that is not how we move the country forward on any number of issues and certainly not regarding the fiscal cliff negotiations. the president has put forward a plan that includes about $1.20 trillion in tax revenue by increasing the tax rate on people making $400,000 of income are
PBS
Dec 23, 2012 3:30pm PST
out their vote and is going to be exploited by virtually every merchandiser in america. >> obama's campaign manager and the rest of the team for the ground game they pulled together which the romney team laughed at first. they are not laughing now. >> mark. >> thank you. magnificent. >> is this it? >> let's see what conac has given us. the biggest winner of 2012 vladimir putin. he overcame massive opposition protests, maneuvered through constitutional loopholes, served as president, then prime minister. and then when re-elected as president again of planet earth's biggest nation, russia. vladimir putin biggest winner of 2012. >> "biggest loser," pat? >> general david petraeus. cia most famous general of his generation caught in a honey trap and kwon. >> the nra national rifle association which has no answer to why americans should be allowed to buy and possess assault weapons with rounds they can shoot off and kill little children. >> mark. >> the 23 million americans who remain out of work and have been out of work for a long period of time. >> seldom aidle son who backed candid
CSPAN
Dec 4, 2012 10:00am EST
, in afghanistan. and ms. freeman said, where is america's outrage? where is america's concern that we're still at war? i agree with ms. freeman. where's the outrage here in congress? does this make any sense that we continue to borrow money from foreign governments to prop up a corrupt leader and half the money going to the leader of afghanistan ends up in the hands of the taliban to buy weapons to kill americans? our nation is broke. china owns us and we are sending our young men and our money to afghanistan and we're going to cut programs right here in america for the american people. . the american people need to put the pressure on congress to bring our troops home now and not wait until december of 2014. mr. speaker, i assure you if we start bringing them home in december of 2014, it will become 2015 and it will become 2016 and how many more families have to cry about their loved ones being killed in a war that has no end to it? mr. speaker, today i would like to submit for the record, i will ask unanimous consent the names of 28 american service members who have been killed in the last f
CNN
Dec 21, 2012 11:00am PST
signs advertising them. and in doing so, they tell every insane killer in america that schools are the safest place to inflict maximum mayhem with minimum risk. >> lapierre went on to blame the media for what we have been seeing in terms of mass murders. we'll talk to the media critic with "the washington post." he's standing by for that angle for me. first, tom foreman, to you in washington. we heard lapierre speaking minutes upon minutes upon minutes how it is uniquely prepared to help, train people, arm every school in the nation. i want to know from you, how is washington reacting now to what he said today? >> well, you know, i'll tell you something, washington reacts cautiously to anything the nra says. i'll tell you why. yes, there is a national sense right now of people wanting to say we should do something about this and maybe some kind of gun laws would make a difference as the president mentioned. there has been a slight tick in the polls in favor of that. but, washington is aware for 20 years, public opinion has been running the other way. gallop tracked the fact tha
FOX News
Dec 22, 2012 1:00pm PST
kerry to make america's top diplomat as the country is leaving two wars but facing issues in syria, iranian and north korea. >> john's entire life has prepared him for his role as the son of a foreign service officer. he has a deep respect for the men and women of the state department. the role they play in advancing our interests and values, the risks that they undertake and the sacrifices they make along with their families. >> john mccain congratulated kerry on his nomination and the republican from arizona says he will consider him as secretary of state but did not promise his support. >> my view on whether senator kerry should be secretary of state will not be based on difference of view. we had differences of view going back to 1991 when he said desert storm will fail but it's my view to carry out responsibilities. >> reporter: kerry kept quiet and hillary clinton wasn't able to make it to the white house at all. she is still recovering from the concussion that is preventing from testifying about what she knew before after and during the deadly attack in benghazi. >> heather:
MSNBC
Dec 22, 2012 12:00am PST
violence in america including 20-year-old video games, and they reverse an opportunity to heal the country for a commercial for more guns. >> the only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun. >> congressman jim moran and reverend jesse jackson react to today's circus. >> this is the beginning of a serious conversation. we won't be taking questions. >>> reporting for duty. >> and john kerry biographer douglas brinkley on the senator's big nomination. >> good to have you with us tonight, folks. thanks for watching. it's home for the holidays with no deal. house speaker john boehner only has himself to blame. boehner's plan b gimmick failed big time last night at this point a fiscal cliff deal with boehner's members would probably require divine intervention. >> how we get there, god only knows. but all i've done is -- eric and i and our team here are committed to working with our colleagues on both sides of the aisle, both sides of the capitol and the white house to address it. >> after a day with dealing with humiliation, boehner hit the gavel and sent his members hom
FOX News
Dec 21, 2012 8:00am PST
into our homes, every minute, every day, every hour of every single year. a child growing up in america today, witnesses 16,000 murders and 200,000 acts of violence by the time he or she reaches the ripe old age of 18. and throughout it all too many in the national media, their corporate owners, and their stockholders act as silent enablers, if not complicit coconspirators. rather than face their own moral failing, the media demonized gun owners. >> reckless behavior coming from the nra. the nra has blood on its hands. the nra has blood on its hands. shame on the nra. ban assault weapons now!. ban assault weapons now!. nra -- ban assault weapons now. >> mr. laperriere what is reaction to the protests? what is your react shun to that? >> rather than face, rather than face their own moral failing, the media demonized lawful gun owners, amplify their cries for more laws and fill the national media with misinformation and dishonest thinking. that only delay meaningful action and all but guaranty but the next atrocity is only a news cycle away. the media calls semiautomatic firearms, machine
MSNBC
Dec 21, 2012 10:00am PST
growing up in hawaii that america every america has a place for everyone. may god bless daniel inouye, and may god grant us more souls like his. ♪ ♪ somewhere over the rainbow blue birds fly ♪ >> good day. i'm andrea mitchell live in washington where we are expecting to see the first major announcement for president obama's second term. his cabinet choices. this hour the official selection of john kerry as the futures face of the state department. former president bill clinton departing that memorial service. the funeral for senator inouye moments ago with president obama taking time to speak with senator kerry after the service. joining me now for our daily fix chris alissa, msnbc managing editor of post politics.com jeffrey goldberg, national correspondent for the atlantic washington bureau chief susan page, and the "new york times" white house correspondent mark lamb berg. let's talk about the pick of john kerry. we knew it was coming. the timing is interesting. they wanted to do this before christmas, but then we thought it was going to be after christmas, even from the kerr
WTTG
Dec 23, 2012 9:00am EST
in america. estimates are that would cost somewhere in the neighborhood of $8 billion a year. couple of questions: one, would you vote at a time of deficit issues, for $8 billion a year to put armed guards in every school in america, and, are there any laws you could support, in terms of assault guns, assault rifles, in terms of high capacity magazines, tightening background checks, any new gun controls you could support. >> let's step back for a second. i'm a doctor, i'm a father of three. and, i'm from wyoming. a state where we believe strongly in our 2nd amendment rights. we are the people of wyoming, me, personally, are still absolutely committed to filed real solutions that work. so, something like this tragedy never happens again. three more of those children were laid to rest, yesterday. >> chris: i'm asking a specific question. >> very, very, very... very, very hurtful to all of us in this country. i think decisions about schools ought to be made at the local level. i would not want a national effort to say you have to do this in schools. i think local education decisions are
CNBC
Dec 21, 2012 1:00pm EST
one i own. >> western digital. >> bank of america. i like this name. meredith whitney talked about dividend potential for next year. i like it a lot. >> steven weiss? >> thank you. i like bank of america too for my friend pete here. but i will talk about aig. i think it'll be a great company again next year. put a dividend in there. buy it. >> which they want to do. >> they want to do. >> he's done a phenomenal job. like gm, everybody made money. >> is that too much time? >> way too much time. >> are you 50? >> no, not yet. >> that does it for us. don't forget to catch "money in motion" and options this evening. have a great evening. follow me on twitter. and power starts now. >>> and we welcome you to "power lunch." we have three major news conferences in washington, d.c. president obama will nominate senator john kerry to be his next secretary of state. harry reid will be on the senate floor and house minority leader nancy pelosi will discuss the cliff crisis. with plan b history, washington is scrambling to get a deal done. the markets however are decidedly worried. dow jones ha
FOX News
Dec 14, 2012 3:00am PST
online or at a bank of america near you. >> gretchen: 15 minutes after the hour. he survived iraq and afghanistan wars only to fine himself jail would in a mexican prison. he decided to take a vacation and he was jailed for possessing a registered weapon. he was targets of threat and extortion by cartel members looking to make a profit. despite the difficult ordeal he is showing incredible strength. >> we gave him a phone number of someone to call. if something happens and we can't get there and take hours to get there, we had made arrangements for machine to pick tup. he wrote it in my bible. they may not let you take anything out . he they are not taking my bible. he's hanging and he's tough. >> gretchen: and now a congresswoman stepped in to help the family bring john home. congresswoman thank you for getting up early. i know you are working with the family and i interviewed his mother the other day . her first brew nationally and she was scared and came to you for help. what can you do ? >> it is it a tricky situation for the family. as you pointed out. he's been incarcerated
FOX News
Dec 14, 2012 6:00am PST
or not we'll learn the truth. good morning, everybody. i'm bill hemmer. welcome to "america's newsroom." we have our nice little "elf" here today. >> i'm alisyn camerota in for martha today. she wants to avoid a vote, length i, disruptive and costly confirmation process. critics say regardless of ryce's decision the investigation into benghazi will continue. here is lindsey graham on that. >> i hold her accountable and responsible for misleading the american people. failures on the intelligence community. there is fog of war component. i think she was chosen for a reason bill: still more on that statement now with buy on york, chief political correspondent for the "washington examiner". good morning to you. so many questions remain. first off why did they make this move now? >> because time was running out and the administration, i think, hoped that opposition among republicans in the senate to rice would diminish but it didn't. the thing that really killed it, they understood, john mccain, lindsey graham, kelly ayotte opposed her. the thing that killed it when she met susan collins who int
FOX Business
Dec 22, 2012 4:00am EST
as prepared him for this role to lead america's foreign policy. >> over these many years he has -arned the respect and confidence of leaders around the world. he will not need a lot of on-the-job training and has earned the respect and trust of senate colleagu, democrats and republicans. fair to say that few individuals know as many presidents and prime ministers or grass our foreign policies as firmly as john kerry, and this makes him a perfect choice to get ameican diplomacy in the years ahead. lou: and high praise for one of the people of this administration from this job was a natural, obviously coming after susan rice, ambassador rice was, well, withdrew her name from consideration. joining us now, former pentagon official, fox is security analyst, former u.s. ambassador to the united nations. what do you think of this appointment? >> i think it will be more of the same, only worse. i think -- i think h views and the presidents are essentially the same. the presidentsaw t up close and personal. for years on the senate foreign relations committee. kerrey has been wrong on nuclear o
CNN
Dec 11, 2012 2:00am PST
in america show, seven nfl players have turned in their guns to team security officials since the belcher murder/suicide. >>> on "monday night football" it was pure beauty. the best team in the afc at least by record. he goes into tom brady's house and gets steam rolled. that's a touchdown pass to stallworth right there. a beauty. a 42-14 rout of the houston texans. the texans are the best team -- have the best record in the league. that's danny woodhead right now. he's going to cough it up. brandon lloyd recovers it in the end zone for a touchdown. everything's going the patriots way. what a dreamy night. the patriots won 20 straight home games in the month of december. this was tom brady's first game since he and his wife gisele welcomed their child together, v vivian lake. >> did you watch this game? >> yes. i can not. it's way too exciting. >> three weeks to go until the fiscal cliff and all the talk in washington is about what's not happening. we'll explain, coming up. this family used capital one venture miles to come home for the holidays. that's double miles you can actually use..
CNBC
Dec 13, 2012 7:00pm EST
are aware that we're in a tough situation in america. and i think unfortunately, for small business people who create about 65% of the jobs that get created on an annual basis in this country, including the department of labor, i think what's unfortunate is the delivery has been effectively sort of an insult, which is the guy that gets up every morning and bakes bread because he owns four or five subways or the guy playing his fair share. i think recognizing that most small business people -- most franchisees in our system certainly are local -- they're good citizens in their local community, they're involved in their local community. there are quite a few of them that may stay at a hampton inn, they don't stay in the hamptons. there's a difference between a typical franchisee and some of the folks that get used by example as the uber rich. >> this isn't just fat cats, to coin a bad phrase. this is main street stuff. as i understand it, 530 retail stores including puerto rico. this is main street stuff. >> it is. our business is head quartered in heartland, wisconsin. you don't get any mor
Current
Dec 20, 2012 2:00pm PST
and said gun proliferation and mexico was dangerous are still telling us gun proliferation in america makes us safer. welcome to the u.s.a. where of some you will find it's easier to buy a weapon designed to kill a lot of people in a short amount of time than it is to marry who you love or vote where you want or send your kids to kindergarten. we now live in a society where the aurora, colorado, shooter could buy 6,000 rounds of ammo online and tommy chung went to jail for selling bombs. it is painfully obvious... we need change in this country! and the good news, the majority of americans and the majority of gun owners agree. in fact, a new ppp poll finds that the majority of americans and the majority of gun owners support banning assault weapons and closing the gun show loophole. but the nra opposes both of those measures and in the past, the nra has successfully fought gun control legislation by threatening to attack any politician who doesn't take their hard line. even after last year's tragic gabby giffords shootin
CNN
Dec 11, 2012 4:00am PST
body, but mind and emotions. >> according to a report on nbc's "football night in america," seven nfl players have turned in their weapons since the belcher murder/suicide. he said he didn't trust himself with his own firearm. it's interesting, the backlash. >> his real point was about the gun culture. his real point about nfl players and a culture of violence. that's what i got out of the interview with piers. he was initially attacked by people who were concerned about gun control and the second amendment. but he was really commenting on players not being careful with guns. >> and 75% of nfl players have guns. there's a number of reasons for that. >> the players that have guns at home i guess costas said seven or eight times more likely to hurt themselves or somebody else than to protect themselves. there is a deeper problem with the nfl and roger godel, the nfl commissioner, tried to address it at harvard in a speech a couple of weeks ago. it goes to the question of how the game is played, concussions, things like that. he even talked and this would be a stunning development, about
CNN
Dec 21, 2012 9:00am PST
flavor. now why make a flavored heartburn pill? because this is america. and we don't just make things you want, we make things you didn't even know you wanted. like a spoon fork. spray cheese. and jeans made out of sweatpants. so grab yourself some new prilosec otc wildberry. [ male announcer ] one pill each morning. 24 hours. zero heartburn. satisfaction guaranteed or your money back. >>> i'm suzanne malveaux in the cnn newsroom. he wants longtime senator john kerry to replace hillary clinton. the formal announcement coming in the next hour at about 1:30 or so eastern. we'll have that live. we asked americans how they feel about john kerry as secretary of state, but first, kerry's nomination hardly a surprise. people close to him already calling him mr. secretary. here's a little bit about him from kate bolduan. >> thank you very much, mr. secretary. >> reporter: his senate colleagues have joked about his ambition, what many regarded as the worst-kept secret in washington, even in recent senate hearings john kerry sound like he was looking ahead to the future job and the anticipated
Current
Dec 19, 2012 3:00am PST
around the country today, every corner of this united states of america bringing you the news of the day. not only that, giving you a chance to sound off. we will put the microphone in your hands. you can tell us what these issues all mean to you. good to see you. thank you so much for joining united states. we are coming to you live from our nation's capitol. our studio right here on capitol hill. just down the street from the united states capitol building. we can see it from here, and they can hear us from there. and hear your voice as well. give us a call at 866-55-press. join the conversation. we will have the first time callers, an army of operate orders standing by to take your calls. follow us on twitter at bp show at bp show or facebook.com/bill press show. we got the remnant, the holiday remnants. >> no remnants here peter chooses not to be here, that's on him. we are doing just fine. >> bill: peter chose his family over spending this holiday week with us. >> dan: some people are not dedicated to the cause >> bill: i can't under
MSNBC
Dec 13, 2012 11:00pm PST
america. there's not going to be -- so i wouldn't be surprised if you see some of the prominent women candidates that were already being talked about for defense, including michele flournoy -- >> i agree completely. >> -- being considered for defense and seeing that glass ceiling broken. >> go ahead, andrea. >> she was on my show yesterday, and she said she wasn't being vetted. so maybe -- i don't know what to make of that. >> you're a student of politics as well as we are. here is the question, doesn't he need a balanced ticket at the top? defense, state, treasury, and a.g.? we have one african-american as attorney general. doesn't he have to have a woman in the big four? don't you think? >> absolutely. janet napolitano for a.g., but maybe there is a woman for treasury secretary. >> look, brainard is well respected in the international -- been involved in the european debt crisis. i think she could be somebody you see sort of re-emerge as a potential leading candidate. >> i think looking like america is a big deal these days, a very big deal. thank you so much, andrea mitchell. thank
CNN
Dec 14, 2012 2:00am PST
-to-face behind closed doors of the white house again. with 18 days remaining before america goes over the fiscal cliff, there is still no sign of a deal. both sides calling yesterday's talks frank and insisting the lines of communication remain open. >>> a man fatally shot himself inside a clerk's office at the federal courthouse in birmingham, alabama. the u.s. marshal service says he worked in the building and slipped a gun past security because he used an employee entrance, not a public one. visitors have to pass through metal detectors. police say no one in the courthouse was threatened. >>> so the university of miami has apologized for a text mess an gaffe sent over to emergency notification network. it warned of a black man on campus and what he was wearing. that text raised eyebrows as there are many black men on campus. the complete text should have said that was the description of a man wanted for stealing a student's laptop. it was a game of hot potato thursday night. the eagles had a punt blocked by their own teammate. they lost at home to the bengals. they drop to 4-10. cincinnati ke
MSNBC
Dec 5, 2012 3:00am PST
unilateral rights for people with disabilities. it's actually based on america's ada act which bob dole helped pass more than 20 years ago. and you know, andrea, watching this american hero on the floor, a guy who is disabled, left part of himself, as he has said and others have said, on the battlefields of western europe, coming in and making a plea. i'm really surprised that this was killed by fringe concerns, fringe, fringe concerns. >> and it was, in fact, his fellow senators, several of the people who served with bob dole, who were the key votes here. and john kerry was leading it on the floor with john mccain. it was one of those bipartisan coalitions of veterans, wounded veterans, mccain and others, and the wounded warriors. the chamber of commerce. this is basically to take the american standard that bush 41 passed. it was his bill. >> george bush. >> george bush 41's bill spread it to the rest of the world. his son, george w., approved this treaty. it was sent up by president obama in '09, the senate foreign relations committee passed it easily, and then these republicans aband
MSNBC
Dec 13, 2012 4:00pm PST
, producing cleaner electricity, putting us to work here in america and supporting wind and solar. though all energy development comes with some risk, we're committed to safely and responsibly producing natural gas. it's not a dream. america's natural gas... putting us in control of our energy future, now. avoid bad.fats. don't go over 2000... 1200 calories a day. carbs are bad. carbs are good. the story keeps changing. so i'm not listening... to anyone but myself. i know better nutrition when i see it: great grains. great grains cereal starts whole and stays whole. see the seam? more processed flakes look nothing like natural grains. you can't argue with nutrition you can see. great grains. search great grains and see for yourself. for multi grain flakes that are an excellent source of fiber try great grains banana nut crunch and cranberry almond crunch. >>> tonight i'll be speaking at the smithsonian institution here in washington about my book "jack kennedy, elusive hero." big crowd tonight. it's on "the new york times" best-seller list. it's an incredible book for the season because it's
MSNBC
Dec 3, 2012 3:00am PST
jefferson, the journey of africans american in this country. it's complex, it's interwoven and makes america what it is today. >> no one's defending jefferson on slavery at all. his hypocrisy is also the country's hypocrisy. and his tragedy was also a big part of the country's tragedy. and it took another 40 years after he died and 600,000 casualties to adjudicate this. >> it's a fascinating conversation. that piece was in "the new york times" on saturday. you can go online and check it out and see both sides of this. >>> still ahead, nbc political director chuck todd and political columnist from "time" joe klein join the conversation. more "morning joe" in a moment. with the spark cash card from capital one, olaf gets great rewards for his small business! pizza! [ garth ] olaf's small business earns 2% cash back on every purchase, every day! helium delivery. put it on my spark card! [ pop! ] [ garth ] why settle for less? great businesses deserve great rewards! awesome!!! [ male announcer ] the spark business card from capital one. choose unlimited rewards with 2% cash back or double miles
FOX News
Dec 14, 2012 8:00am PST
it operates now and how it does its job which is ultimately to protech the united states of america. there has been so much happened in the last 10 years but there's also a lot that happened in the last several months, with libya, with the petraeus scandal as well. how do you think this plays into the actual work that the cia needs to accomplish on a daily basis? >> right. we would like to think the threats to america from terrorism have ended. there was a little bit of that ground swell for a while. people realized, no, that is not the case. there are still hostile elements out there that spend their days figuring out how to attack us and our allies. when you talk about enhanced techniques, when you talk about taking that off the table, and the aggressive intear graduation techniques were stopped by bush administration. it happened years ago. it is pretty clear to our enemies overseas what it is we can and can't do. jenna: how does that affect our ability to protech the country? what have we really learned, if we take independent of this report, what have we learned? are we better off? >> we
Current
Dec 12, 2012 9:00am PST
of being named america's most unpopular senator! isn't that something. [ applause ] according to nau poll, 55% disapproval rating in kentucky. 37% approval rating. kentucky democratic voters express their disa desire to see ashley judd run in the primaries for 2014. rock on, girl. nay-sayer that you are expressed you didn't think that's going to happen but they just did -- i can't remember what you call it. whatever, you know. preliminary polling. judd trails him 47% to 43%. nothing has even happened yet. >> but she hasn't actually campaigned or made speeches. that's just sheer name recognition. >> stephanie: it is a great start against the minority leader. i think it's awesome. >> well, you know. >> stephanie: i say rock on! i just like the fact he's starting to sound more and more like jim's impression of him. >> i'm not exactly going to run again. it's more of a slow crawl. >> stephanie: exactly. he doesn't even -- he can't even run is the point. how hard would it be for ashley judd to catch him? she's
CNN
Dec 19, 2012 2:00am PST
over. if they do, that is something they would have to reexamine america's credit rating. mostly have you markets thinking it will get fixed. look at the dow yesterday. above 13,000. in fact, this is one of the best years for the dow since 1950 up more than 9% for the year so far, on track to be one of the best years ever. sorry if you missed it. a lot of individual hedge fund investors really afraid of the fiscal cliff, companies sitting on the sidelines, not investing in new technologies or jobs, hedge funds and individual investors pulling money out of the market as it goes higher. >>> yesterday, investors running scared from gunmakers. down double digits over the past couple of days. smith & wesson down 11%. and cabela's, by the way, a hunting and sporting goods store, down 10% as well. some of the big major retailers are assessing their advertising and sales of some of the semi automatic assault rifles and see if we can look at gun stocks over the past year. they have had a terrific year. they have -- you look at smith & wesson, up 78%. profitab profitable, cerberus, that owns bu
Search Results 0 to 35 of about 36 (some duplicates have been removed)